8/10/2009

Población de Tánger (1663 a 1994)

La población de Tánger a través de los tiempos ha sido siempre algo difícil de precisar. No han existido censos fiables, las poblaciones rurales siempre temieron ser censadas para que no las acribillarán con impuestos; otras veces los criterios para censar eran diferentes según los censadores. Aquí recojolos datos existentes a pesar de sus discrepancias..



Dejando de lado los errores de los censos disponibles, las cifras de población de Tánger y su entorno según los censos, son las siguientes:


Año del censo.........................Nº de habitantes

1930.......................................700.561

1935.......................................795.336

1940.......................................991.954

1945.....................................1.082.009

1950.....................................1.010.117

1955.....................................1.054.978


Ciudad de Tánger......................Année/Habitants (Según fuentes francesas)

1994.......................................627.963

1991.......................................405.000

1956.......................................150.000

1940........................................80.000

1912........................................60.000

1800.........................................5.000

1663.........................................3.000

Densité : 451 habitants/km² Taux d’urbanisation : 83,3%


Angel Flores Morales dice en su folleto Tanger, que en Tánger vivían unos 20.000 españoles cuando la ocupación española en 1940:





Según el folleto publicado en 1946 por el Ministerio Español de Asuntos Exteriores:
Tangier under the Protective action of Spain during the World War
June 1940-October 1945
Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores
Madrid, 1946

The total population of Tangier and its Zone, according to the census published by the International Administration, was 70,000 inhabitants in March of 1935, distributed in the following manner; 46,00 Moslems; 6,480 Jews; and 17,520 foreigners. Of those residing in the city, there were 30,000 Moslems together with the whole of the Jews and foreigners. These latter consisted of 11,703 Spaniards and 5,817 of various other nationalities. There were 16,000 Moslems living in the Fahs -Cabila.

By 1944, there was an increase of 30,034 in the population of Tangier. 24,559 of these are Moslems, and 5,475 foreign. Of the latter, it is exclusively the Spanish colony which has registered an increase, from 11,703 to 18,618, which means a growth of 6,915. Colonies of other nationalities have undergone a total fall of 1,503, due principally to the repatriation of many foreign residents who left to comply with their military obligations.

The trend of immigration, both of foreigners and natives, was favoured by the peace and well-being maintained in Tangier by the Spanish authorities. But in some instantes it has been a case of "force majeure" due to the exceptional circumstanoes. And it is necessary to remember in this connection—if our adminiatration is to he viewed with the justice and good faith to which its generosity is entitled — that, among those who came to Tangier seeking refuge under the Spanish occupation, there were many Jews from the countries of Central Europe where they had been cruelly persecuted....

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